The five stages in instructional design are known as the acronym ADDIE: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. According to Gordon (n.d.), in the analysis stage is the who, what, when, where, why, and by whom of the design process. The design stage is when the blueprint and structure is created. In the development stage the blueprint is used to create the training product. The implementation stage is when the training is delivered to participants. In the final stage, evaluation, the project ends. In this stage, learning should be assessed. Also, I believe the designer/facilitator needs to reflect on the overall course and participants should reflect on and communicate their learning, so meaningful tweaks and adjustments can be made.
In online teaching, ADDIE can be very helpful in understanding how to design a successful course. I found this table at http://raleighway.com/addie/ that breaks down each part of ADDIE.
I spent time comparing this to online courses I’ve taken. I knew that there was a lot that goes into designing an online course/class, but I was surprised at how ADDIE can be used for both face-to-face instruction as well as online instruction.
I will admit that I made the mistake of thinking of the process as linear, until I found a really good model that showed me the error in my thinking. I thought I would share it here.(Forest, 2014)
According to this model, the ADDIE process is constantly in revision. I have seen Lee make changes to our classes based on feedback (Evaluation). I feel like she is always looking for ways to make beneficial changes, so it makes sense that the ADDIE model is an ongoing process, especially for online teaching where new websites and information is being added by the minute.
Forest, E. (2014, January 29). The ADDIE Model: Instructional Design. Retrieved October 6, 2016, from Educational Technology: http://educationaltechnology.net/the-addie-model-instructional-design/
Gordon, A. (n.d.). ID Roles and Responsibilities. Retrieved October 6, 2016, from Instructional Design & Online Course Development: http://instructionaldesign.gordoncomputer.com/IDRoles.html#ID
Way, R. (n.d.). Instructional Design – Using the ADDIE Model. Retrieved October 6, 2016, from raleighway.com: http://raleighway.com/addie/